Maria Montessori did not believe that reading, writing, spelling and language should be taught as separate entities. Pre-primary children are immersed in the dynamics of their own language development and the Montessori approach provides a carefully thought-out program to facilitate this process. Oral language acquired since birth is further elaborated and refined through a variety of activities such as songs, games, poems, stories and classified language cards. Often the child feels that they have taught themselves to write and read.
The Montessori language materials include phonetics but that is only one part of the holistic language programme. When the child can blend sounds together to decipher words they are then introduced to the names of those letters. Through games they experience for example that verbs are action words. The child reads a verb card and acts out that action for the other child to guess. So they might hop, dance or sing!